Đề số 1 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 1 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. production B. propaganda
C. promotion D. proceed
A. express B. exciting
C. expensive D. exhibition
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. geographical B. economics
C. compulsory D. education
A. comfortable B. excellent
C. communicate D. confident
Mark the letter A, B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Question 5: New sources of energy (A) have been looking (B) for as the number (C) of fossil fuels continues (D) to decrease.
Question 6: For such (A) a demanding job, you will need (B) qualifications (C), soft skills and having full commitment (D).
Question 7: Antarctic blue whales can be (A) 100 foot long (B) and weigh more than (C) any dinosaur (D) that ever lived.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to each of the following exchanges.
Question 8: “How do you like your steak done?” “____.”
A. I don’t like it B. Very little
C. Well done D. Very much
Question 9: "Oops! I’m sorry for stepping on your foot" – “___.”
A. Never mind B. You don't mind
C. You're welcome D. That's fine
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in each of the following question.
Question 10: Dr. Sales is a person___.
A. in that I don’t have much confidence
B. whom I don’t have much confidence in him.
C. in whom I don’t have much confidence
D. I don’t have much confidence
Question 11: A quick look would reveal that France has twice___computers.
A. more televisions than
B. many as televisions as
C. as many televisions as
D. as many as televisions
Question 12: The instructor blew his whistle and___.
A. off the runners were running
B. off ran the runners
C. off were running the runners
D. the runners runs off
Question 13: People have used coal and oil to___electricity for a long time.
A. bred B. raise
C. cultivate D. generate
Question 14: In the early years of the 20th century, several rebellions___in the northern parts of the country.
A. turned out B. rose up
C. broke out D. came up
Question 15: The festival has many attractions. It will include contemporary orchestra music and an opera.
____ , there will be poetry readings and theatrical presentations.
A. Otherwise B. Furthermore
C. Nevertheless D. On the other hand
Question 16: When he started that company, he really went___. It might have been a disaster.
A. out on the limb B. on and off
C. over the odds D.once too often
Question 17: We regret to tell you that the materials you ordered are____.
A. out of stock B. out of practice
C. out of reach D. out of work
Question 18: My sister is a woman of___age.
A. marriage B. married
C. marrying D. marriageable
Question 19: The fire____to have started in the furnace under the house.
A. is believed B. that is believed
C. they believed D. that they believe
Question 20: This is the latest news from earthquake site. Two- thirds of the city___in a fire.
A. has been destroyed
B. have been destroyed
C. were destroyed
D. was destroyed
Question 21: There are many______in our library.
A. interesting American old history books
B. old American interesting history books.
C. interesting old American history books
D. American interesting old history books
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word CLOSEST in meaning to the under lined word in each of the following questions
Question 22: She was brought up in a well-off family. She can’t understand the problems we are facing.
A. poor B. broke
C. wealthy D. kind
Question 23: The most important thing is to keep yourself occupied.
A. relaxed B. comfortable
C. possessive D. busy
Mark letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 24: There has been insufficient rainfall over the past two years, and fanners are having trouble.
A. abundant B. adequate
C. unsatisfactory D. dominant
Question 25: We strongly believe that he's innocent of the crime. We do not think that he did it.
A. crimeless B. skillful
C. clean D. guilty
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following question.
Question 26: Only with careful environmental planning can we protect the world in which we live.
A. Careful environmental planning protects the world we live in.
B. Planning the environment carefully, we can protect the world in which we live.
C. Protecting the world we live in, we plan the environment carefully.
D. We can protect the world we live in only with careful environmental planning.
Question 27: You should take regular exercises instead of sitting in front of the television all day.
A. Taking regular exercises is better than sitting in front of the television all day.
B. Sitting in front of the television all day helps you take regular exercises.
C. Sitting in front of the television all day and taking exercises are advisable.
D. Don’t take regular exercises, just sit in front of the television all day.
Question 28: It was not until after I got home that I realized I had not set the burglar alarm in the office.
A. On the way home, I suddenly realized that I had forgotten to turn on the burglar alarm in the office.
B. Fortunately, I realized that I hadn't set the burglar alarm just before I left for home; otherwise, I would have had to travel all the way back to the office.
C. I didn’t turn the burglar alarm on before I left the office, but I only became aware of this after I'd arrived home.
D. I wish I had realized before I arrived home that I hadn't turned on the burglar alarm in the office, then it would have been easier to go and set it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29: He did not remember the meeting. He went out for a coffee with his friends then.
A. Not remember the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
B. Not to remember the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
C. Not remembered the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
D. Not remembering the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
Question 30: They left their home early. They didn’t want to miss the first train.
A. They left their home early so as to not miss the first train.
B. They left their home early for fear that they wouldn’t miss the first train.
C. They left their home early so as not to miss the first train.
D. They left their home early in order that not to miss the first train.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that bestfits each ofthe numbered blanks from 31 to 35
Left-handers are the odd ones out. Sure, lefties (31) ______up about 10 percent of the population - but, frankly, it seems like society has forgotten about them. Just consider all of the right-handed gadgets, awkwardly designed desks, and cooking tools that fit comfortably only in your right hand. What (32) ______someone to become a lefthand? Scientists aren’t exactly sure, but research points to a complex (33) ______between genes and environment While no exact set of “leftie genes” have been discovered, people who dominantly use their left hands do have more left-handed family members. And researchers have found different brain wirings in righties vs. lefties. But no matter (34) ______it is that drives someone to use their antipodal paw, science has also uncovered a particular set of personality traits that left-handed people tend to have. So for all of you lefties, leftie-loving righties, and ambidextrous folks out there - it’s time to brush up on your left-handed knowledge and help (35) ______an end to leftie discrimination once and for all.
A. consist B. account
C. hold D. make
A. causes B. makes
C. gets D. does
A. collaborate B. collaboration
C. collaborating D. collaborated
A. which B. who
C. what D. that
A. put B. bring
C. make D. take
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
Successful students often do the followings while studying. First, they have an overview before reading. Next, they look for important information and pay greater attention to it (which often needs jumping forward or backward to process information). They also relate important points to one another. Also, they activate and use their prior knowledge. When they realize that their understanding is not good, they do not wait to change strategies. Last, they can monitor understanding and take action to correct or “fix up” mistakes in comprehension.
Conversely, students with low academic achievement often demonstrate ineffective study skills. They tend to assume a passive role, in learning and rely on others (e.g., teachers, parents) to monitor their studying, for example, low-achieving students often do not monitor their understanding of content; they may not be aware of the purpose of studying; and they show little evidence of looking back, or employing “fix-up” strategies to fix understanding problems. Students who struggle with learning new information seem to be unaware that they must extent effort beyond simply reading the content to understand and remember it. Children with learning disabilities do not plan and judge the quality of their studying. Their studying may be disorganized. Students with learning problems face challenges with personal organization as well. They often have difficulty keeping track of materials and assignments, following directions, and completing work on time. Unlike good studiers who employ a variety of study skills in a flexible yet purposeful manner, low-achieving students use a restricted range of study skills. They cannot explain why good study strategies are important for learning; and they tend to use the same, often ineffective study approach for all learning tasks, ignoring task content, structure or difficulty.
(Source: Adapted from Study Skills: Managing Your Learning — NUI Galway)
Question 36: What is the topic of the passage?
A. Successful and low-academic achieving students
B. Successful learners and their learning strategies
C. Study skills for high school students
D. Effective and ineffective ways of learning
Question 37: The word “prior” in the first paragraph is closest meaning to ______?
A. important B. earlier
C. forward D. good
Question 38: According to the passage, what can be learnt about passive students?
A. They depend on other people to organize their learning
B. They are slow in their studying
C. They monitor their understanding
D. They know the purpose of studying
Question 39: Which of the followings is NOT an evidence of monitoring studying?
A. Being aware of the purpose of studying
B. Monitoring their understanding of content
C. Fixing up mistakes in understanding
D. Looking at their backs
Question 40: According to the passage, to learn new information, low-achieving students do NOT____.
A. just understand it
B. relate it to what they have known
C. simply remember it
D. read it
Question 41: In compared with low-achieving students, successful students use___.
A. aimless study techniques
B. various study skills
C. restricted strategies
D. inflexible study ways
Question 42: The underlined pronoun “They” in the last sentence refers to___.
A. study strategies
B. study skills
C. low-achieving students
D. good studiers
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50
Pollution emitted in industrial areas represents a threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. We have a tendency to believe that the production processes are the only source of environmental damage, and often forget about the possible long-term effects of harmful production practices. We may think that the closure of these huge industrial areas would improve the quality of the environment. Unfortunately, this ignores the threat of the remaining waste, which is abandoned and poorly stored. It represents an even bigger danger because it stands neglected as it degrades and leaks into the earth without any control at all.
Changes in the water chemistry due to surface water contamination can affect all levels of an ecosystem. It can affect the health of lower food chain organisms and, consequently, the availability of food up through the food chain. It can damage the health of wetlands and damage their ability to support healthy ecosystems, control flooding, and filter pollutants from storm water runoff. The health of animals and humans are affected when they drink or bathe in contaminated water. In addition water-based organisms, like fish and shellfish, can pile up and concentrate contaminants in their bodies. When other animals or humans eat these organisms, they receive a much higher dose of contaminant than they would have if they had been directly exposed to the original contamination.
Contaminated groundwater can badly affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the ground by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the study of rocks of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through springs or seeps, flow sideways into nearby rivers, streams, or ponds, or sink deeper into the earth. In many parts of fhe world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground to be used for drinking, bathing, other household uses, agriculture, and industry.
Contaminants in the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. Eating, breathing in, or touching contaminated soil, as well as eating plants or animals that have piled up soil contaminants can badly affect the health of humans and animals.
Air pollution can cause breathing-related problems and other bad health effects as contaminants are absorbed from the lungs into other parts of the body. Certain air contaminants can also harm animals and humans when they contact the skin. Plants rely on breathing for their growth and can also be affected by exposure to contaminants moved in the air.
(Source: Adapted from http://www.grid.unep. ch/ waste/download/ waste1213.pdf)
Question 43: What is the topic of the passage?
A. Sources of environmental damage
B. The pollution from the city
C. Bad effects of industrial waste
D. The quality of the environment
Question 44: According to the passage, the industry is likely to be thought as___.
A. a danger to the environment
B. the only source of pollution
C. the utmost harmful activity
D. a threat to human health
Question 45: The word “it” in the first paragraph refers to__.
A. the remaining waste
B. a danger
C. the environment
D. the threat of the remaining waste
Question 46: Which of the followings affect an ecosystem as the whole?
A. Surface water contamination
B. Soil contamination
C. Groundwater contamination
D. Air contamination
Question 47: According to the passage, which of the followings supports healthy ecosystems?
A. Lower food chain organisms
C. Water-based organisms
Question 48: Which of the followings is NOT badly affected by contaminated groundwater?
A. Human B. Plants
C. Rocks D. Animals
Question 49: Which of the followings is the flow of water from the ground to the surface?
A. Streams B. Ponds
C. Rivers D. Springs
Question 50: Which of the followings has the closest meaning to the word “absorbed” in the last paragraph?
A. Consumed B. Taken in
C. Swallowed D. Piled up
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