Đề số 9 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 9 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 1. A smile (A) can be observed, described, and reliably identify (B); it can also (C) be elicited and manipulated under experimental (D) conditions.
Question 2. It was suggested (A) that he studies (B) the material more thoroughly (C) before attempting (D) to pass the exam.
Question 3. Some (A) methods to prevent (B) soil erosion are (C) plowing parallel with the slope of hills, to plant (D) trees on unproductive land, and rotating crops.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 4. Marco Polo’s account of his travels has been invaluable to historians.
A. valuable B. important
C. worthless D. priceless
Question 5. Satish’s point of view was correct but his behavior with his father was quite impertinent.
A. healthy B. smooth
C. inadequate D. respectful
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 6. Kenny asked for permission to smoke, but his colleague couldn’t put up with the smoke.
- Kenny: “Do you mind if I smoke in here?”
- Alex: “_________.”
A. I’d rather you didn’t
B. No, thank you
C. No, I couldn’t
D. Yes, you can.
Question 7. Hana and Jenifer are talking about a book they have just read.
- Hana: “The book is really interesting and educational.”
A. That’s nice of you to say so.
B. I’d love it.
C. Don’t mention it
D. I couldn’t agree more.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 8. We found the bad weather very inconvenient. We chose to find a place for the night.
A. The bad weather prevented us from driving any further.
B. Bad weather was approaching, so we started to look for a place to stay.
C. Seeing that the bad weather had set in, we decided to find somewhere to spend the night.
D. Because the climate was so severe, we were worried about what we’d do at night.
Question 9. She tried very hard to pass the driving test. She could hardly pass it
A. Although she didn’t try hard to pass the driving test, she could pass it.
B. She tried very hard, so she passed the driving test satisfactorily.
C. No matter how hard she tried, she could hardly pass the driving test.
D. Despite being able to pass the driving test, she didn’t pass it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 10. She simply took it for granted that the check was good and did not ask him any questions about it.
A. permitted it
B. accepted it without investigation
C. objected to it
D. looked it over
Question 11. Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 2016 for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end.
A. determined B. sure
C. original D. certain
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Thunderstorms, with their jagged bursts of lightning and roaring thunder, are actually one of nature’s primary mechanisms for transferring heat from the surface of the earth into the atmosphere. A thunderstorm starts when low-lying pockets of warm air from the surface of the earth begin to rise. The pockets of warm air float upward through the air above that is both cooler and heavier. The rising pockets cool as their pressure decreases, and their latent heat is released above the condensation line through the formation of cumulus clouds.
What will happen with these clouds depends on the temperature of the atmosphere. In winter, the air temperature differential between higher and lower altitudes is not extremely great, and the temperature of the rising air mass drops more slowly. During these colder months, the atmosphere, therefore, tends to remain rather stable. In summer, however, when there is a high accumulation of heat near the earth’s surface, in direct contrast to the considerably colder air higher up, the temperature differential between higher and lower altitudes is much more pronounced. As warm air rises in this type of environment, the temperature drops much more rapidly than it does in winter; when the temperature drops more than 4 degrees Fahrenheit per thousand feet of altitude, cumulus clouds aggregate into a single massive cumulonimbus cloud, or thunderhead.
In isolation, a single thunderstorm is an impressive but fairly benign way for Mother Earth to defuse trapped heat from her surface; thunderstorms, however, can appear in concert, and the resulting show, while extremely impressive, can also prove extraordinarily destructive. When there is a large-scale collision between cold air and warm air masses during the summer months, a squall line, or series of thunderheads, may develop. It is common for a squall line to begin when an advancing cold front meets up with and forces itself under a layer of warm and moist air, creating a line of thunderstorms that races forward at speeds of approximately forty miles per hour. A squall line, which can be hundreds of miles long and can contain fifty distinct thunderheads, is a magnificent force of nature with incredible potential for destruction. Within the squall line, often near its southern end, can be found supercells, long-lived rotating storms of exceptional strength that serve as the source of tornadoes.
Question 12. The topic of the passage is ________.
A. the development of thunderstorms and squall lines
B. the devastating effects of tornadoes
C. cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds
D. the power of tornadoes
Question 13. The word “mechanisms” in paragraph 1 is most likely ________.
A. machines B. motions
C. methods D. materials
Question 14. It can be inferred from the passage that, in summer, ________.
A. there is not a great temperature differential between higher and lower altitudes
B. the greater temperature differential between higher and lower altitudes makes thunderstorms more likely to occur
C. there is not much cold air higher up in the atmosphere
D. the temperature of rising air drops more slowly than it does in winter
Question 15. The word “benign” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. harmless B. beneficial
C. ferocious D. spectacular
Question 16. The expression “in concert” in paragraph 3 could best be replaced by ________.
A. as a chorus
B. with other musicians
C. as a cluster
D. in a performance
Question 17. The word “itself” in paragraph 3 refers to ________.
A. a large-scale collision
B. a squall line
C. an advancing cold front
D. a layer of warm and moist air
Question 18. All of the following are mentioned in the passage about supercells EXCEPT that they ________.
A. are of short duration
B. have circling winds
C. have extraordinary power
D. can give birth to tornadoes
Question 19. This reading would most probably be assigned in which of the following courses?
A. Geography B. Meteorology
C. Marine Biology D. Chemistry
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 20. I know we had an argument, but I know I’d quite like to ______.
A. make up B. look down
C. fall out D. bring up
Question 21. It is vital that everyone ______ aware of the protection of the environment.
A. is B. be
C. are D. were
Question 22. My uncle was ______ ill last summer; however, fortunately, he is now making a slow but steady recovery.
A. seriously B. deeply
C. fatally D. critically
Question 23. All of her sons joined the army when the war broke ______.
A. out B. off
C. over D. up
Question 24. This is the second time you ______ your door key.
A. are losing B. lose
C. lost D. have lost
Question 25. Her fiance is said ______ from Harvard University five years ago.
A. having graduated
B. to have graduated
C. being graduated
D. to be graduated
Question 26. This is ______ the most difficult job I’ve ever had to do.
A. by chance B. by myself
C. by far D. by heart
Question 27. The number of higher education ______ has risen this year for the first time in more than a decade.
A. applies B. applications
C. applicable D. applicants
Question 28. Not until 1856 ______ across the Mississippi River.
A. the first bridge was built
B. was the first bridge built
C. the first bridge built
D. did the first bridge build
Question 29. At first sight I met her, I was impressed with her ______ eyes.
A. big beautiful round black
B. beautiful big round black
C. beautiful black big round
D. beautiful round big black
Question 30. ______ the film’s director, Ben Affleck, was famously left off the 85th Oscar’s Best Director list of nominees surprised everyone.
A. What B. Due to
C. Although D. That
Question 31. I love this painting of an old man. He has such a beautiful ______ smile.
A. childlike B. childish
C. childhood D. childless
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Before the mid-nineteenth century, people in the United States ate most foods only in season. Drying, smoking and salting could preserve meat for a short time, but the availability of fresh meat, like that of fresh milk, was very limited; there was no way to prevent spoilage. But in 1810, a French inventor named Nicolas Appert developed the cooking-and-sealing process of canning. And in the 1850’s an American named Gail Borden developed a means of condensing and preserving milk. Canned goods and condensed milk became more common during the 1860’s, but supplies remained low because cans had to be made by hand. By 1880, however, inventors had fashioned stamping and soldering machines that mass-produced cans from tinplate. Suddenly all kinds of food could be preserved and bought at all times of the year.
Other trends and inventions had also helped make it possible for Americans to vary their daily diets. Growing urban population created demand that encouraged fruit and vegetable farmers to raise more produce. Railroad refrigerator cars enabled growers and meat packers to ship perishables great distances and to preserve them for longer periods. Thus, by the 1890’s, northern city dwellers could enjoy southern and western strawberries, grapes, and tomatoes, previously available for a month at most, for up to six months of the year. In addition, increased use of iceboxes enabled families to store perishables. As easy means of producing ice commercially had been invented in the 1870’s, and by 1900 the nation had more than two thousand commercial ice plants, most of which made home deliveries. The icebox became a fixture in most homes and remained so until the mechanized refrigerator replaced it in the 1920’s and 1930’s.
Almost everyone now had a more diversified diet. Some people continued to eat mainly foods that were heavily in starches or carbohydrates, and not everyone could afford meat. Nevertheless, many families could take advantage of previously unavailable fruits, vegetables, and dairy products to achieve more varied fare.
Question 32. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Causes of food spoilage
B. Commercial production of ice
C. Inventions that led to changes in the American diet
D. Population movements in nineteenth century
Question 33. The phrase “in season” in paragraph 1 refers to
A. a kind of weather
B. a particular time of year
C. an official schedule
D. a method of flavoring food
Question 34. The word “prevent” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
A. estimate B. avoid
C. correct D. confine
Question 35. During the 1860’s, canned food products were
A. unavailable in rural areas
B. shipped in refrigerator cans
C. available in limited quantities
D. a staple part of the American diet
Question 36. It can be inferred that railroad refrigerator cars came into use
A. before 1860 B. before 1890
C. after 1900 D. after 1920
Question 37. The word “them” in paragraph 2 refers to
A. refrigerator cars B. perishables
C. growers D. distances
Question 38. The author implies that in the 1920’s and 1930’s home deliveries of ice
A. decreased in number
B. were on an irregular schedule
C. increased in cost
D. occurred only in the summer
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. approached B. sacrificed
C. unwrapped D. obliged
A. private B. marriage
C. romantic D. attract
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) to each of the questions
Last year, there were millions of international tourist arrivals across the globe. Whether they were students on their (41)______ years looking for overseas adventure, stressed-out workers hoping to get away for a weekend, or retirees (42)______ to relax in an exotic location- clearly none of them thought they could find the same experience at home. The question is whether foreign travel brings more advantages or disadvantages.
An obvious positive point is that going abroad sometimes helps people to expand their knowledge of the world. If they are (43)_____ - minded, they can learn about new cultures and hopefully gain a more accurate understanding about their way of life. In addition, there is the economic benefit of tourism to countries which have few other resources. It can provide an income to many people within the industry.
Having said that, some people simply go to a foreign resort (44)______ by high walls and therefore learn little about their holiday (45)______. Another issue is that hordes of tourists often spoil the “unspoilt” places they visit. The most recent example of this is Antarctica, where last year cruise ships took thousands of visitors to view the disappearing icebergs and wildlife. Vegetation, nesting penguins and resting walrus are vulnerable when humans intrude.
A. space B. break
C. pause D. gap
A. wish B. wished
C. wishing D. to wish
A. open B. narrow
C. absent D. single
A. covered B. surrounded
C. sheltered D. stopped
A. direction B. destination
C. departure D. situation
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 46. Had the advertisement for our product been better, more people would have bought it.
A. Not many people bought our product because it was so bad.
B. Our product was of better quality so that more people would buy it.
C. Fewer people bought our product due to its bad quality.
D. Since the advertisement for our product was so bad, fewer people bought it.
Question 47. “How beautiful you are today!” he said.
A. He complimented her on being beautiful today.
B. He said to me that she was beautiful that day.
C. He complimented her on being beautiful that day.
D. He complemented her on being beautiful that day.
Question 48. The sooner we solve this problem, the better it will be for all concerned.
A. If all concerned are better, we can solve this problem soon.
B. If we could solve this problem soon, it would be better for all concerned.
C. If we can solve this problem soon, it will be better for all concerned.
D. It would be better for all concerned if we can solve this problem soon.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. suburb B. support
C. prefer D. canoe
A. attitude B. instinctive
C. continent D. applicant
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