Đề số 2 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Đáp án và lời giải chi tiết Đề số 2 - Đề thi thử THPT Quốc Gia môn Tiếng Anh
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. Only aggressive species of small animal life are likely to survive in the rough waters nears shallow coral reefs.
A. passive B. strong
C. assertive D. marine
Question 2. We decided to pay for the car on the installment plan.
A. credit card
B. piece by piece
C. monthly payment
D. cash and carry
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 3 to 7.
Polar bears are in danger of dying out. Unlike some other endangered animals, it's not hunters that are the problem, it's climate change. Since 1979, the ice cap at the Arctic Circle where the polar bears has reduced in size (3)_________ about 30 per cent. The temperature in the Arctic has slowly been rising and this is (4)_________ the sea ice to melt, endangering the polar bears' home. The polar bears' main sources of food are the different types of seals found in the Arctic. They catch them by waiting next to the air holes seals have made in the ice. (5)_________ the bears are very strong swimmers, they could never catch seals in water. This means that the bears really do rely on the ice to hunt.
Polar bears also need sea ice to travel. They can cover a huge territory and often swim from one part of the ice to another. They have been (6)_________ to swim up to 100 km, but when there is less ice, they may have to swim further and this can (7)_________ fatal to the bears. A number of bears have drown in the last few years and scientists believe that it is because they were not able to reach more ice before they became too tired and couldn't swim any further.
A. in B. by
C. within D. for
A. making B. turning
C. causing D. resulting
A. Even B. Despite
C. As D. Although
A. known B. learnt
C. experienced D. noticed
A. happen B. come
C. end D. prove
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. houses B. rises
C. horses D. chooses
A. except B. excel
C. excess D. exhaust
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
In the American colonies there was little money. England did not supply the colonies with coins and did not allow the colonies to make their own coins, except for the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which received permission for a short period in 1652 to make several kinds of silver coins. England wanted to keep money out of America as a means of controlling trade: America was forced to trade only with England if it did not have the money to buy products from other countries. The result during this pre-revolutionary period was that the colonists used various goods in place of money: beaver pelts, Indian wampum, and tobacco leaves were all commonly used substitutes for money. The colonists also made use of any foreign coins they could obtain. Dutch, Spanish, French, and English coins were all in use in the American colonies.
During the Revolutionary War, funds were needed to finance the world, so each of the individual states and the Continental Congress issued paper money. So much of this paper money was printed that by the end of the war, almost no one would accept it. As a result, trade in goods and the use of foreign coins still flourished during this period.
By the time the Revolutionary War had been won by the American colonists, the monetary system was in a state of total disarray. To remedy this situation, the new Constitution of the United States, approved in 1789, allowed Congress to issue money. The individual states could no longer have their own money supply. A few years later, the Coinage Act of 1792 made the dollar the official currency of the United States and put the country on a bimetallic standard. In this bimetallic system, both gold and silver were legal money, and the rate of exchange of silver to gold was fixed by the government at sixteen to one.
Question 10. The passage mainly discusses
A. the American monetary system of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
B. American money from past to present.
C. the English monetary policies in colonial America.
D. the effect of the Revolution on American money.
Question 11. The passage indicates that during the colonial period, money was
A. scarce freely by the colonists
B. coined freely by the colonists
C. used extensively for trade
D. supplied by England
Question 12. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was allowed to make coins
A. continuously from the inception of the colony
B. for a short time during one year
C. from 1652 until the Revolutionary War
D. throughout the seventeenth century
Question 13. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a substitute for money during the colonial period?
D. Beaver furs
Question 14. According to the passage, what happened to the American monetary system during the Revolutionary War?
A. The Continental Congress issued gold and silver coins.
B. American money replaced trade in goods and foreign coins.
C. Individual states were not allowed to issue money.
D. So much paper money was circulated that it lost its value.
Question 15. How was the monetary system arranged in the Constitution?
A. Various state governments, including Massachusetts, could issue money.
B. The dollar was made the official currency of the U.S.
C. The U.S. officially went on a bimetallic monetary system.
D. Only the U.S. Congress could issue money.
Question 16. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the bimetallic monetary system?
A. Gold could be exchanged for silver at a rate of 16 to 1.
B. It was established in 1792.
C. The monetary system was based on two metals.
D. Either gold or silver could be used as official money.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to each of the following exchanges
Question 17. Maria: "It was very kind of you to help me out, John." – John: “_______.”
A. You can say that again.
B. I'm glad you like it.
C. That was the least I could do
D. Thanks a million
Question 18. Irene: "Do you fancy going to a movie this evening?" - Frank: " _____."
A. I'm sorry. I don't know that.
B. Not at all. Go ahead.
C. Not so bad. And you?
D. That would be nice.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions
Question 19. It is very difficult to _______ the exact meaning of an idiom in a foreign language.
A. exchange B. transfer
C. convert D. convey
Question 20. ______ high school, Nam attended a university in the city centre.
A. Having finished
B. To have finished
C. Having been finished
D. To finish
Question 21. Applications_______in after 30 April will not be considered.
A. send B. that is sent
C. sent D. which sent
Question 22. Only three of the students in my class are girls;________ are all boys.
A. the others B. others
C. other students D. the other
Question 23. Tom_______things round the house, which is annoying.
A. always leaves B. is leaving
C. has always left D. is always leaving
Question 24. More than ten victims______missing in the storm last week.
A. are reported to have been
B. are reporting to be
C. are reporting to have been
D. are reported to be
Question 25. I hope you will______notice of what I am going to tell you.
A. take B. get
C. gain D. keep
Question 26. Oil is essential for_______ manufacture of______plastics.
A. the - the B. the - ø
C. ø - ø D. a - the
Question 27. The book would have been perfect______ending.
A. hadn't it been for
B. had it not been for
C. it hadn't been for
D. it had not been for
Question 28. The teacher said that I would be able to speak English fluently______six months.
A. since B. in
C. till D. by
Question 29. Judo players are______to their opponents and bow to each other before and after a contest.
A. respectfully B. respectful
C. respectable D. respect
Question 30. While Tom is traveling around the world, he often______enough local languages to get by.
A. gets in B. puts up
C. takes off D. picks up
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Question 31. It is (A) primary education that (B) establishes foundations in science, geography, history, or (C) other social sciences (D) for young students.
Question 32. Manufacturers may use (A) food additives for preserving (B), to color, to flavor, or to fortify (C) foods. (D)
Question 33. Approximately (A) 80 percent of (B) farm income in Utah it is derived (C) from livestock and livestock products. (D)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions
A. information B. development
C. psychology D. activity
A. machine B. office
C. fiction D. expert
Mark the letter Ar B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions
Question 36. If it hadn't been for my father's encouragement, I would never have become a chef.
A. If my father hadn't been courageous, I wouldn't have become a chef.
B. It was my father who encouraged me to become a chef.
C. If my father had encouraged me, I would never have become a chef.
D. My father didn't encourage me to become a chef.
Question 37. He cannot afford a new computer.
A. The new computer is so expensive but he can buy it.
B. Therefore, he would buy a new computer.
C. So, he would buy a new computer.
D. The new computer is so expensive that he cannot buy it.
Question 38. It was your assistance that enabled us to get achievement.
A. Without your assistance, we could get achievement
B. Your assistance discouraged us from get achievement.
C. But for your assistance, we could not have got achievement.
D. If you assisted us, we could not get achievement.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Just two months after the flight of Apollo 10, the Apollo 11 astronauts made their historic landing on the surface of the Moon. This momentous trip for humanity also provided scientists with an abundance of material for study; from rock and soil samples brought back from the Moon, scientists have been able to determine much about the composition of the Moon (as well as to draw) inferences about the development of the Moon from its composition.
The Moon soil that came back on Apollo 11 contains small bits of rock and glass which were probably ground from larger rocks when meteors impacted with the surface of the Moon. The bits of glass are spherical in shape and constitute approximately half of the Moon soil. Scientists found no trace of animal or plant life in this soil.
In addition to the Moon soil, astronauts gathered two basic types of rocks from the surface of the Moon: Basalt and breccia. Basalt is a cooled and hardened volcanic lava common to the Earth. Since basalt is formed under extremely high temperatures, the presence of this type of rock is an indication that the temperature of the Moon was once extremely hot. Breccia, the other kind of rock brought back by the astronauts, was formed during the impact of falling objects on the surface of the Moon. It consists of small pieces of rock compressed together by the force of impact. Gases such as hydrogen and helium were found in some of the rocks, and scientists believe that these gases were carried to the Moon by the solar wind, the streams of gases that are constantly emitted by the Sun.
Question 39. It is implied in the passage that scientists believe that the gases found in the Moon rocks
A. were not originally from the Moon
B. caused the Moon's temperature to rise
C. traveled from the Moon to the Sun
D. were created inside the rocks
Question 40. What does the word “It” refers to?
A. the impact B. the surface
C. breccia D. the Moon
Question 41. The author's purpose in this passage is to
A. demonstrate the difference between basalt and breccia
B. explain some of the things learned from space flights
C. describe some rock and soil samples
D. propose a new theory about the creation of the Moon
Question 42. According to the passage, what does Moon soil consist of?
A. Large chunks of volcanic lava.
B. Streams of gases.
C. Tiny pieces of stones and glass.
D. Hydrogen and helium.
Question 43. The word 'emitted' in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to
A. vaporized B. sent out
C. separated D. set off
Question 44. According to the passage, breccia was formed
A. from volcanic lava
B. when objects struck the Moon
C. when streams of gases hit the surface of the Moon
D. from the interaction of helium and hydrogen
Question 45. What is the subject of this passage?
A. The Apollo astronauts
B. Basalt and breccia
C. What the Moon is made of
D. Soil on the Moon
Question 46. Which of the following was NOT brought back to the Earth by the astronauts?
A. Soil B. Breccia
C. Plant life D. Basalt
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions
Question 47. This new magazine is known for its comprehensive coverage of news.
A. casual B. inadequate
C. indifferent D. superficial
Question 48. He was not afraid to pet the gentle dog even though it was very big.
A. dirty B. cold
C. calm D. fierce
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions
Question 49. The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room. He opened the window.
A. The man opened the window in order to get some fresh air in the room.
B. The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room because he opened the window.
C. Having opened the window, the room could get some fresh air.
D. The man got some fresh air in the room, even though he opened the window.
Question 50. Mr. Smith is very interested in our plan. I spoke to him on the phone last night.
A. Mr. Smith, to whom I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.
B. Mr. Smith, who is very interested in our plan, I spoke to on the phone last night.
C. Mr. Smith, who I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.
D. Mr. Smith is very interested in our plan to whom I spoke on the phone last night.
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